What Is Trauma Care?
A trauma care involves providing care for patients suffering from major traumatic injuries such as falls, motor vehicle collisions, or gunshot wounds. Traumatic injuries might vary from little lesions to dangerous multi-organ injury. In order to attain the simplest doable outcomes whereas decreasing the chance of undiscovered injuries, the management of trauma patients requires a highly systematic approach.
What Are The Steps In Trauma Care?
Pre-hospital trauma care involves first aid and basic life support administered by emergency services personnel. The treatment of trauma patients is historically divided into primary (Advanced Trauma Life Support), secondary, and tertiary surveys. Each survey consists of associate algorithmic program designed to diagnose and manage injuries consecutive so as of decreasing morbidity and mortality. Further steps area unit taken to produce physiological state and confirm whether or not patients ought to be transferred to specialised trauma centers as quickly as doable.
How Is Trauma Care Patient Assessed?
The steps of the first assessment are: type a general impression of the patient, assess responsiveness, and perform a rapid scan that consists of checking and correcting problems with the patient’s airway, breathing, and circulation.
Secondary assessment of trauma patient: The secondary assessment/survey is done once the primary survey is completed and non-life threatening injuries can be assessed. Secondary assessments area unit employed in order to work out the injury, how the injury occurred, how severe the injury is, and to eliminate further injury.
What Is Prehospital Trauma Care?
Prehospital care of trauma patients is situation-dependent and targeted on stabilization of the patient and prompt transport to a hospital. Nonmedical personnel trained in basic life support might give life-saving interventions. Emergency services personnel usually perform associate abbreviated version of the first survey. Low-threshold interventions that will be performed by emergency personnel before transport to a hospital include:
- Placement of cervical collar
- Intubation, that is oxygen delivery via nasal cannula for respiratory distress
- Administration of intravenous fluids
- Administration of analgesia
- Placement of pressure bandages such as tourniquets to control bleeding
Types Of Injuries In Trauma Care?
A host of injuries require emergency trauma care. They include:
- Mechanism of Injury.
- Resuscitation of the Patient.
- Head Injuries.
- Chest Injuries.
- Spinal Cord Injuries.
- Abdominal Injuries.
- Pelvic Injuries.
- Extremity Injuries.
- Maxillofacial Injuries.
- Special Population Considerations