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Hi , l had a great experience with Dr.Ratnakar Rao n his team. I experienced almost painless knee replacement surgery in the year of 2019 .lt is like rebirth. I...
I visited Dr. Ratnakar Rao sir for my mother's knee replacement suggestions. He guided me and mother right way and my mother undergone for surgery of both the knees. The...
Dr. Ratnakar Rao sir is the best orthopaedic doctor in Hyderabad , he and his team members (Mr. Srikanth) provide a family environment for the patient , My mother got...
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Impact Orthopaedics is renowned for using start-of-the-art technology in diagnosis, treatment and post-surgery care for all Orthopaedic-related ailments and injuries.
What is Arthritis
Arthritis is the inflammation or the disorder in the joints. The two common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs due to aging and it effect fingers, knees and hips. Rheumatoid Arthritis affects the hands and feet of the patients. Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disorder. Other types of arthritis are caused due to infections, uric acid crystals or underlying diseases.
What are the symptoms of Arthritis
Some of the signs and symptoms of Arthritis are:
- Stiffness of the hands and feet especially in the mornings
- Unexplained weight loss
- Difficulty when moving or walking
- Muscle pains and joint pains
- Loss of flexibility
- Swelling and tenderness
What are the common causes of Arthritis
Arthritis is more common the women than in men. Aging, obesity and hereditary can increase the risk of getting arthritis. Sometimes, an injury to the joints can lead to arthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused due to the wear and tear of the joint cartilages. Rheumatoid Arthritis is caused when autoimmune system attacks the joints.
How is Arthritis diagnosed
Arthritis diagnosis involves:
- X-rays – to detect cartilage loss, bone loss and bone spurs
- Computerized tomography (CT) scans – to view the internal structures
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – to view the detailed structure of the tissues, cartilages and ligaments
- Ultrasound technology – to see the structure of tissues and cartilages
- Blood tests – to check the presence of arthritides
What are the treatment option for Arthritis
The treatment of arthritis depends on the symptoms the patient is experiencing, the damage the condition has already caused and the objective of the treatment. Some of the treatment options are:
Physical Therapy: Exercises for the joints help in the movement. They are helpful in strengthening of the muscles and joints. Yoga and massages can provide relief from the pain and improve flexibility.
Medications: Painkillers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can reduce the pain and swelling. Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biologics (drugs made from the living organisms) are recommended to treat the disease.
Surgery: In extreme cases where the medication and other treatments are not helpful, the doctors may suggest a surgery.
Joint Repair Surgery: Small incisions over the joint are made to repair the joint. This surgery will reduce the pain and improve the movement.
Joint Replacement: Damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint. The surgery is usually performed on hip and knee joints.
Joint Fusion: Bones in the joints is removed and locked together till they heal. This procedure is done for small joints like wrists, ankles and finger.
Dr. RATNAKAR RAO
MBBS & M.S (Orthopedics) AMC AR Fellowship – NUHS, Singapore.
Orthopedic & Joint Replacement Surgeon
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